The United States accepts the highest number of immigrants of any country in the world. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, roughly 17% of the American workforce are immigrants.
Though there are various means for people to become permanent residents through green cards in the United States,
various individuals are eligible through employment.
Immigrants can receive an employment green card if they have a job invitation from a U.S.-based employer or industry or can ascertain “tremendous ability” to immigrate to the U.S. and further expand their skills.
Several individuals who become suitable for an employment-based green card or EB, immigrant visas come into the United States on a nonimmigrant, employment-based visa(A nonimmigrant visa is a limited-time visa).
The most prevalent is the H-1B visa, which is consented to workers in “professional occupations.”
These can be restored, but employers may choose to apply for a more lasting EB visa, which gives a path to permanent residency.
Employment-Based Green Card.
Employment-Based (EB) petitions can be cataloged in a variation of “preferences” classification.
These classifications are mostly inferred by the job’s comprehensive description and prerequisites.
These classifications will be talked about in this article, and they are prone to numerical restrictions inflicted by the United States Congress.
Types Of Employment-Based Green Card.
The employment-based green card differs and we’ll be listing them below:
1.EB-1 Priority Workers(1stPreference)
The EB-1 known as first preference comprises of three categories: multinational executives and managers, professors and researchers, and the general “extraordinary ability”
classification, in which applicants must ascertain their proficiency through nationwide and international recognition in business, arts, science, education, or athletics.
Academias who have won substantial trophies such as the Nobel Prize, experimenters seeking tenure in American universities, and popular artists who can ascertain international recognition are all examples of individuals who may be competent for this kind of green card.
The most significant characteristic of this green card is that those who are eligible in a specific category do not require a job proposal, the only proof needed of their exceptional ability, such as receiving an Oscar.
Others in this classification do not expect a job offer, such as a manager/executive stance from an American employer that has been administering in the United States for a short period of time at least a year.
One difference between the E-B1 green card and the non-immigrant H-1B is that employers are not obliged to finalize the job certification procedure.
This simply means that employers extending proposals under this classification are not compelled to verify that there are no other aspirants in the American job market who are suitable to do the job.
2. EB-2 Professional Ability (Second Preference)
The EB-2 classification possibly comprises the tremendous amount of people who may be competent to apply for an employment-based green card.
Many H-1B green card owners with avant-garde degrees or a bachelor’s degree and appropriate professional experience are suitable for the EB-2 green card. It is also essential to have a job offer from a competent employer.
Here are three different subcategories of the EB-2 visa in which you may be eligible:
- Advanced degrees and/or relevant experience:
This encompasses either a master’s or doctorate degree (or its foreign equivalent) or a bachelor’s degree blended with related professional knowledge.
- Superb Ability :
The ability should be in the arts, science, or business. There is no particular grade requirement.
That category of expertise must be above normal.
This is where proof of said ability comes into the exercise.
- Waiver of National Interest:
This type of green card consents to professionals whose work is considered to be a national concern. In other words, the National Interest waiver connects work that honors the United State regardless of whether the proficiency is exceptional or not.
To be able to participate in the National Interest Waiver, the work must be of extensive value and national benefit to the United States.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the National Interest waiver earned increased awareness because it was being utilized by researchers and healthcare professionals in the United States who are formulating creations or vaccines.
Even when employment-based visas were stopped, national interest waiver applications were still contemplated to send people to the United States to boost medication and vaccine endeavors during the pandemic.
3. EB-3 Skilled Workers Other Unskilled Workers
This category comprises a wide range of individuals with varying categories of education, skills, and professional competencies.
All of the categories in which an applicant may be granted an EB-3 green card necessitate a job recommendation and labor certification from your employer.
Your job recommendation must also be for a full-time career; seasonal or momentary workers are ineligible for this kind of green card.
The three major categories under which people can obtain an EB-3 visa are as follows:
In this classification, you must ascertain that those in your field generally need a bachelor’s degree and work experience, unlike in other categories, does not replace education. The same requirements for labor certification apply.
Unskilled work is specified as work that needs less than two years of work experience. The most significant trait of an employment-based green card application in this classification is that the work must be full-time.
In this category, labor certification requirements is still necessary your employer must indicate that there are no other employees in the United States who can do the exact job.
In this classification, an applicant must ascertain that those in his/her area of specialization generally would need a bachelor’s degree.
There would be no need for work experience, unlike in other categories, which does not supersede education. The same provisions of labor certification are required.
4. EB-4 Special Immigrants.
This classification is utilized by the United States government for a vast span of special immigrants, from US government employees abroad to religious workers.
5. EB-5 Immigrant Investors
The EB-5 is a very extraordinary type of employment-based green card. Immigrant investor green cards are specifically for foreign investors to finance money in new retail enterprises in the United States that establish jobs.
Credentials necessitate a considerable, least capital dollar bargain as well as job development for US citizens.
Now you know the categories of the employment-based visa you’re now sure of the category you belong to when going for your green card